GENDER IN LANGUAGE PROJECT
by ZAPHIEL KIRIKO MlLLER, COOPER BEDIN & BEN PAPADOPOULOS
Neopronouns are pronouns that are not recognized by prescriptive grammars. Most of them do not come from the extant prescriptive inventory of English, meaning that they are innovative, or invented. Neopronouns are intended to express a wide range of specific or nonspecific nonbinary gender identities, and possibly also gender-neutrality. English has a large number of attested neopronouns. New classes are attested every day. For that reason, while we consider this resource to be representative, it does not have the goal of being comprehensive. You may use the widget below to see the related grammatical forms of any neopronoun class you're interested in by using the dropdown menu. Classes are listed with a slash separating their nominative and accusative forms.
The table below lists additional classes of attested neopronouns and their five related forms:
CITE THIS PAGE
Miller, Z. K., Bedin, C., & Papadopoulos, B. (2022). English neopronouns. Gender in Language Project. www.genderinlanguage.com/english/neopronouns
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Bertulfo, Cherry Con-ui. "Beyond He and She: A Study on the Non-Binary and Gender Neutral English Neopronouns".
Bradley, Evan D., Schmid, Maxwell, and Lombardo, Hannah. "Personality, prescriptivism, and pronouns: Factors influencing grammaticality judgements of gender-neutral language". English Today 140, vol. 35, No. 4 (Dec 2019). Cambridge University Press.
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"Gender neutrality in languages with gendered third-person pronouns." Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gender_neutrality_in_languages_with_gendered_third-person_pronouns
Locke, Katherine. What Are Your Words?: A Book About Pronouns. New York, Little, Brown Books for Young Readers, 2021.
noa. "Pronouny." Pronouny. https://pronouny.xyz/
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"Pronoun Guide." GLSEN. https://www.glsen.org/activity/pronouns-guide-glsen
"Pronouns Matter." MyPronouns.org: Resources on Personal Pronouns. mypronouns.org
Pronouns.page. "Pronouns." Pronouns.page. https://en.pronouns.page
"Spivak Pronoun." Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spivak_pronoun
Storoshenko, Dennis Ryan. "Non-binary third person reflexives in English, and the construction of identity". THEY, HIRSELF, EM, and YOU: June 11-23, 2019; Kingston, ON.